Ephedrine HCL 50mg
Ephedrine HCL 50mg is a phenylethylamine alkaloid as major alkaloid in plants of the genus Ephedra (eg Ephedra sinica, Chinese Ephedra -. Also known as “Mahuang”) occurs. In isolated or synthetically produced form is ephedrine – like its diastereoisomer pseudoephedrine – used due to its sympathomimetic effect against the symptoms of bronchial asthma and the nasal decongestant for colds. However, the benefit / risk ratio is regarded as unfavorable. Ephedrine is also ( “poor circulation”) and used in hypotension as a means second choice in narcolepsy (sleeping sickness). In ophthalmology was ephedrine – like pseudoephedrine – used as a substitute for atropine. Ephedrine is often confused with epinephrine.
Ephedrine HCL 50mg effect:
First to the dry facts, the chemical names and molecular formulas for ephedrine / ephedrine HCL 50mg The correct chemical name is alpha- [1- (methylamino) ethyl] benzene-methanol (often also (1R, 2S) -2-methylamino-1-phenyl-1-propanol), the molecular formula of ephedrine looks like this: C10H15NO. In most countries, ephedrine is known as Ephedrine HCL 50mg (German speaking), Ephedrine (English-speaking space), efedrina (Spanish-space) or ephedrine (among others in Turkey). What is meant is always the same. The only difference: When ephedra is the language that is not the pure commodity ephedrine, but the plant is synthesized from ephedrine. But more on that later. Pure Ephedrine HCL 50mg is white and only has a very slight odor. It belongs to the group of medicines called sympathomimetic (in this group include active ingredients that have an effect on the sympathetic nervous system, the part of the vegetative nervous system), its action unfolds ephedrine as adrenoceptor agonist (they support the release of adrenaline and noradrenaline). Contrary to popular assumption, ephedrine is derived not only from the ephedra plant, but can also be prepared chemically. For this purpose is produced by microbial Acylation of benzaldehyde phenylacetyl. Thereafter, the phenylacetyl obtained is condensed with methyl amine and then catalytically reduced. This results in the so-called L-form of ephedrine. This shape is also at the same time the most effective.
Ephedrine HCL 50mg Pharmacology:
Ephedrine HCL 50mg is an indirect sympathomimetic agent by weaker but longer lasting effect than the direct adrenoceptor agonist adrenaline. It affects blood pressure enhancing, heart stimulant, bronchi and widening appetite retardant, which is why it is used in medicines for hypotension, chronic bronchitis, asthma attacks and to reduce swelling of the mucous membranes in rhinitis and as a component of appetite suppressants.
Ephedrine HCL 50mg sets norepinephrine free and thus leads to an increase in adrenergic transmission. Since it has no hydroxyl groups on the phenyl ring, it can cross the blood-brain barrier (though not as efficiently as amphetamine or methamphetamine). The usual dose is 25-50 mg; Doses above 50 mg can already lead to unpleasant side effects. The plasma half-life is approximately 3-6 hours.
Ephedrine HCL 50mg decreases the protein degradation rate increases and presumably the protein biosynthesis. The increased body temperature, there is a slightly increased resting energy needs in the body. Even a euphoric and aphrodisiac effect is possible, which is often associated with erectile problems. An increase in physical performance has not been demonstrated in studies for the sole administration of ephedrine, but some publications describe a performance increase when combining ephedrine with caffeine.
In case of Ephedrine HCL 50mg overdose, the side effects are varied: agitation, anxiety, nausea, insomnia, tremor, palpitations, sweating, difficulty breathing, confusion, hallucinations, delirium, headache, rare: convulsions.